This pharaoh is many times referred to as Ramses the Great. Some alternative spellings for this Ancient Egyptian pharaoh are Rameses and Ramesses. Ramses II is also believed to be the pharaoh mentioned in the biblical story of Moses which gives him additional importance in history. After the death of his father, Ramses II then became pharaoh and ruled Egypt for many decades.
He was also responsible for suppressing some Nubian revolts and carrying out a campaign in Libya. Although the Battle of Kadesh often dominates the scholarly view of the military prowess and power of Ramesses II, he nevertheless enjoyed more than a few outright victories over the enemies of Egypt.
During Ramesses II's reign, the Egyptian army is estimated to have totaled aboutmen; a formidable force that he used to strengthen Egyptian influence. There probably was a naval battle somewhere near the mouth of the Nile, as shortly afterward, many Sherden are seen among the pharaoh's body-guard where they are conspicuous by their horned helmets having a ball projecting from the middle, their round shields, and the great Naue II swords with which they are depicted in inscriptions of the Battle of Kadesh.
His first campaign seems to have taken place in the fourth year of his reign and was commemorated by the erection of what became the first of the Commemorative stelae of Nahr el-Kalb near what is now Beirut. The inscription is almost totally illegible due to weathering.
Additional records tell us that he was forced to fight a Canaanite prince who was mortally wounded by an Egyptian archer, and whose army subsequently, was routed. Ramesses carried off the princes of Canaan as live prisoners to Egypt.
Ramesses then plundered the chiefs of the Asiatics in their own lands, returning every year to his headquarters at Riblah to exact tribute. In the fourth year of his reign, he captured the Hittite vassal state of the Amurru during his campaign in Syria.
Battle of Kadesh Ramesses II storming the Hittite fortress of Dapur The Battle of Kadesh in his fifth regnal year was the climactic engagement in a campaign that Ramesses fought in Syria, against the resurgent Hittite forces of Muwatallis. The pharaoh wanted a victory at Kadesh both to expand Egypt's frontiers into Syria, and to emulate his father Seti I's triumphal entry into the city just a decade or so earlier.
He also constructed his new capital, Pi-Ramesses. There he built factories to manufacture weapons, chariots, and shields, supposedly producing some 1, weapons in a week, about chariots in two weeks, and 1, shields in a week and a half.
After these preparations, Ramesses moved to attack territory in the Levantwhich belonged to a more substantial enemy than any he had ever faced in war: Canaanite princes, seemingly encouraged by the Egyptian incapacity to impose their will and goaded on by the Hittites, began revolts against Egypt.
In the seventh year of his reign, Ramesses II returned to Syria once again.
This time he proved more successful against his Hittite foes. During this campaign he split his army into two forces. It then marched on to capture Moab. The other force, led by Ramesses, attacked Jerusalem and Jericho.
He, too, then entered Moab, where he rejoined his son. The reunited army then marched on HesbonDamascuson to Kumidiand finally, recaptured Upi the land around Damascusreestablishing Egypt's former sphere of influence.
His armies managed to march as far north as Dapur,  where he had a statue of himself erected.
He laid siege to the city before capturing it. His victory proved to be ephemeral. In year nine, Ramesses erected a stele at Beth Shean. After having reasserted his power over Canaan, Ramesses led his army north.
A mostly illegible stele near Beirutwhich appears to be dated to the king's second year, was probably set up there in his tenth. Within a year, they had returned to the Hittite fold, so that Ramesses had to march against Dapur once more in his tenth year.
This time he claimed to have fought the battle without even bothering to put on his corsletuntil two hours after the fighting began.
Six of Ramesses's youthful sons, still wearing their side lockstook part in this conquest. He took towns in Retenu and Tunip in Naharin later recorded on the walls of the Ramesseum.
The ensuing document is the earliest known peace treaty in world history. Such dual-language recording is common to many subsequent treaties. This treaty differs from others, in that the two language versions are worded differently.
While the majority of the text is identical, the Hittite version says the Egyptians came suing for peace and the Egyptian version says the reverse.
The frontiers are not laid down in this treaty, but may be inferred from other documents. The harbour town of Sumurnorth of Byblosis mentioned as the northern-most town belonging to Egypt, suggesting it contained an Egyptian garrison.
The Hittite king encouraged the Babylonian to oppose another enemy, which must have been the king of Assyriawhose allies had killed the messenger of the Egyptian king. When Ramesses was about 22, two of his own sons, including Amun-her-khepeshefaccompanied him in at least one of those campaigns.
By the time of Ramesses, Nubia had been a colony for years, but its conquest was recalled in decoration from the temples Ramesses II built at Beit el-Wali  which was the subject of epigraphic work by the Oriental Institute during the Nubian salvage campaign of the s Gerf Hussein and Kalabsha in northern Nubia.
On the south wall of the Beit el-Wali temple, Ramesses II is depicted charging into battle against the Nubians in a war chariot, while his two young sons, Amun-her-khepsef and Khaemwaset, are shown behind him, also in war chariots.Ramesses II [T G H James] on metin2sell.com *FREE to appreciate the finesse of ancient Egyptian artists.
Mr. James' text is extremely readable and in writing the history of a notable king engages the reader in a variety of ways and maintains a high level of interest. This book is a detailed look into the life of Ramses II.
Much has been 5/5(9). About the book. A Short History of the Ancient World begins with the Bronze Age and ends with the collapse of the Roman Empire. Rather than restricting his analysis to the Greek and Roman experience, Rauh introduces students to ancient Africa, Israel, Egypt, Iran, China, and the Indian subcontinent.
Aug 21, · A daughter of King Thutmose I, Hatshepsut became queen of Egypt when she married her half-brother, Thutmose II, around the age of Upon his death, she began.
The pharaoh - man, ruler and god The term pharaoh, pr-aA  - lit.
great house, in the sense of palace, goes back to the Old Kingdom .As part of the royal titulary it came into use only in the early first millennium BCE, in monumental inscriptions possibly as late as the reign of Sheshong III.
The Pharaohs Who Built Egypt: RAMESES II PROGRAMME LENGTH 1 hour SCREENING DETAILS Monday February 9 at am EST/ NZ .
Ramesses II ( BCE, alternative spellings: Ramses, Rameses) was known to the Egyptians as Userma’atre’setepenre, which means 'Keeper of Harmony and Balance, Strong in Right, Elect of Ra’.
He is also known also as Ozymandias and as Ramesses the Great. He was the third pharaoh of the.