Friday, June 5, Lean Software Development: The situation was eerily familiar. A year earlier a chip had cracked off of my tooth as I ate a pizza in Lima, the first stop of a ten week trip to South America. I ate gingerly during the rest of the trip, worried that the tooth would crack further.
Army by Charles M. In every profession, there are jobs that go unnoticed-jobs performed by unsung heroes who stand backstage while the stars receive the applause. The military is no different.
From Personnel Accounting to Supply Accounting, the IBM punch card machines debited and credited long before computers became commonplace. How does the military keep track of hundreds of thousands of soldiers and millions of tons of supplies and equipment? It seems simple today with the massive computing power available.
Yet today's inexpensive desktop computer has millions of times the computing power of the first computer used by the Army. Further back through the dim vail of history, in the BC era Before Computersthere were EAMs; electro-mechanical devices as similar to modern computer systems as the Ford Flying Flivver is similar to a modern jet fighter.
At the time they were a miracle of statistical accounting methodology. Herman Hollerith, a young Census Bureau statistician, designed the first electro-mechanical punch card system.
The census wasn't completed untilcausing concern that the census wouldn't be completed until after Jacquard's pasteboard method for automatic weaving, designing a 3" x 5" card and building a Card Punch, Sorting Box, and Counter Device.
Cards passed over a mercury-filled vat and pins dropped to touch the Payroll processing essay. Pins passing through card holes touched the mercury, made electrical contact, and incremented counters. Seemingly clumsy, primitive, and slow, at the time it was high tech.
Hollerith's system completed the census in three years. Inthe name was changed to International Business Machines. Marshall knew the effectiveness of the United States Army in World War II would rely on its ability to increase personnel to staggering numbers; that current old-fashioned clerical methods must be replaced by an efficient, flexible, and fast system.
He ordered the creation of numerous types of electronic accounting units. Many types of record units were created to handle everything from manpower to payroll to supplies.
The focus here will be the Army's Personnel Accounting System.
The MRU's duties were to handle, " Donges reported that, "As early asthe Adjutant General named a team of administrative experts to work in coordination with specialists from the business world in setting up a system capable of keeping track of each individual in the Army.
New accounting procedures were developed, making use of the most modern electrical devices utilizing the punch card system. During World War II, mobile units landed on the beaches of Normandy, Sicily, Italy, and the islands of the Pacific even before docking facilities had been established.
These units consist of two huge truck-trailers carrying complete machine records equipment mounted on rubber shock absorbers and sprung carriages, so constructed that operation is accomplished within the body of the trailer, and one trailer equipped for administrative operation.
There are two two-and-one-half-ton, six-wheel drive trucks; two generators with a total of eighty horsepower; and one command car.
Personnel consisted of twenty-nine enlisted men, one warrant officer, and two officers for an army corps unit. Men were transported in trucks and they carried full field equipment, including rifles and carbines.
Army corps units were usually located in the rear echelon of the headquarters to enable the commander to know, within a minimum of time, the exact status of the forces at his disposal to give answers to questions vital to strategy, furnishing information accurately and with the swiftness of electricity.
Everything began with the IBM card. It was a marvel of manufacture and quality control. Numbers were punched in a column as 0 through 9. The Keypunch transferred information from source documents to cards.
In Personnel Accounting the Morning Report was the document of origin. Machine speed depended on the operator's ability. The Verifier accepted punched cards for re-keying.
Typing errors caused the machine to nick the incorrect column at the top of the card. Error cards were re-punched. The Sorter Left sequenced cards at the rate of per minute. The Sorter Middle sequenced cards at cards a minute. A sorting brush was moved to any of 80 columns to sort a single column.
As each card moved into the sorter, it slid over a brass roller.College of Wooster Directory. Name Title/Dept/Office Phone Email; ABDUL-SHAKOOR, Ahmed: Secondary Asst. Football Coach/Physical Education (Scot Center). The Business Procedures Manual serves several purposes. Primarily, it sets forth the essential procedural components that each institution within the University System of Georgia must follow to meet both Board of Regents policy mandates and the statutory or regulatory requirements of the state of Georgia and the federal government.
Today, we are living in a computer age. The awareness of computer is more than at any other time. It has dominated almost all the fields.
There is hardly an industry, which does not use computers. The Heartland Institute's leaked Fundraising Plan states that “The Charles G. Koch Foundation returned as a Heartland Donor in We expect to ramp up their level of support in and gain access to the network of philanthropists they work with.”.
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